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A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. It is often caused by wearing tight, narrow shoes that put pressure on the toes, causing the big toe to bend inward and the joint to protrude outward. Bunions can also be caused by other factors, such as arthritis or genetics. Symptoms of a bunion include pain, swelling, and redness around the joint, and difficulty walking or moving the big toe. Treatment for a bunion may include wearing wider, more comfortable shoes, using bunion pads or splints to reduce pressure on the joint, and taking over-the-counter pain medication. In severe cases, a doctor may recommend surgery to correct the deformity.