Swelling in the ankles, feet and legs is often caused by a build-up of fluid in these areas, called oedema . Oedema is usually caused by: standing or sitting in the same position for too long, eating too much salty food. Swollen feet can have causes that aren't due to underlying disease.
- Prolonged standing or sitting
- Long airplane flights or car rides, as well as standing for long periods of time, often lead to some swelling in the feet and ankles.
- This swelling is due to fluid retention and increased pressure on the veins.
- Swelling may occur in women who take estrogen, or during parts of the menstrual cycle.
- Being overweight or obese also can put you at higher risk of developing edema in the foot.
- Due to aging
- Twisted or Sprained ankle
- Trauma to the foot or ankle can cause swelling in this area of the body.
- A sprained ankle, which occurs when the ligaments become overstretched, could cause the foot to swell.
- To treat swollen feet during pregnancy, women can elevate their feet where possible
- Wear comfortable and supportive footwear
- Avoid standing for extended periods.
- Using an ice pack or compression bandage can help reduce swelling
- Drinking plenty of water
- Losing weight if overweight
Dr . P. Senthil Selvam, PhD
Professor & HOD, School of Physiotherapy, VISTAS, Chennai.
Dr .D. Hepzibah Rubella, MPT (Ortho)
Research Scholar, School of Physiotherapy, VISTAS, Chennai.