Foot deformities are a heterogenous group of congenital and acquired conditions involving structural abnormalities or muscular imbalances that affect the foot's function.
Causes of Foot deformities
- Misalignments (wrong positions of bones)
- Either present in birth or develop over time
- The abnormal strain on the foot or wearing tight shoes.
Types of foot deformities
Equinus- (derived from “equine” ie. horse who walks on toes). This is a deformity where the foot is fixed in Plantar flexion.
Calcaneus: (reverse of equinus)
This is a deformity where the foot is flexed in “dorsiflexion”.
Varus- the foot is inverted and adducted at mid-tarsal joints. So that sole faces inwards.
Valgus- The foot is everted and abducted at mid-tarsal joints so that the sole is faced outwards.
Cavus- The longitudinal arch of the foot is exaggerated.
Planus- The longitudinal arch is flattened.
Splay- The transverse arch is flattened.
Methods of correction of deformity:
- Nonoperative method
- Operative method
J. Maheshwari. Essential of Orthopedics
Dr. M. Sakthi Sridevi [ B.P.T, M.I.A.P ]